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Assessment of IL-1Beta and VEGF Concentration in Rat Model During Orthodontic Tooth Movement and Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy

Assessment of IL-1Beta and VEGF Concentration in Rat Model During Orthodontic Tooth Movement and Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy


This study aimed to investigate PDL’s cytokine concentration fluctuations after induction of orthodontic force with and without extracorporeal shock wave therapy in a rat model.

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